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Samia Henni




Architecture of Counterrevolution
The French Army in Northern Algeria


Zurich: gta Verlag, 2017
16,5 x 24,5 cm, softcover
336 pages, 73 illustrations b/w
ISBN 978-3-85676-376-3


Book preview, gta Publishers, Zurich, Switzerland
Distribution in the USA, The University of Chicago Press





The book examines the intersection of French colonial policies and military counterinsurgency operations in architecture in Algeria during the Algerian Revolution (1954-1962). During this bloody and protracted armed conflict, the French civil and military authorities profoundly reorganized Algeria's vast urban and rural territory, drastically transformed its built environments, rapidly implanted new infrastructure, and strategically built new settlements in order to keep Algeria under French rule. The colonial regime had designed and completed not only tactical destructions, but also new constructions in order to allow for the strict control of the Algerian population and the protection of the European communities of Algeria. This study focuses on three interrelated spatial counterrevolutionary measures: the massive forced resettlement of Algerian farmers; the mass-housing programs designed for the Algerian population as part of General Charles de Gaulle's Plan de Constantine; and the fortified administrative new town planned for the protection of the French authorities during the last months of the Algerian Revolution. The aim is to depict the modus operandi of these settlements, their roots, developments, scopes, actors, protocols, impacts, and design mechanisms.






(Selected Articles)


"From 'Indigenous' to 'Muslim:' On the French Colonial Assimilationist Doctrine." E-Flux Architecture (December 1, 2017).
http://www.e-flux.com/from-indigenous-to-muslim/

"Toxic Imprints of Bleu, Blanc, Rouge: France's Nuclear Bombs in the Algerian Sahara." The Funambulist: Toxic Atmospheres, no. 14 (November-December 2017): 28-33.
http://thefunambulist.net/toxic-imprints-of-bleu-blanc-rouge

"On the Colonial Project: How to Francize Algerian Women Through Domestic Space?" in: Anne Kockelkorn and Nina Zschocke Productive Universals - Specific Situations. Analysis and Intervention in Art, Architecture, Design and Urbanism . Berlin: Sternberg Press, 2018 (Forthcoming Book Chapter).

"Black Color and 'Negro Village:' Why Skin Color Still Matters in Architecture," Trans Magazin: Farbe, no. 30, Spring 2017: 158-161.

"On the Spaces of Guerre Moderne: The French Army in Northern Algeria (1954-1962)," Footprint: Spaces of Conflict, Delft Architecture Theory Journal, no. 19, Autumn 2016 edited by Malkit Shoshan and Marc Schoonderbeek: 37-57.
http://footprint.tudelft.nl/index.php/footprint/article/view/1157

"Architecture of Counterrevolution: The French Army in Algeria, 1954-1962," ABE Journal, Architecture Beyond Europe, no. 9-10, 2016, Dynamic Vernacular edited by Mark Crinson.
https://abe.revues.org/3105

"Pourquoi l'Algérie n'ira pas à la Biennale d'architecture de Venise." El Watan, 28 February 2014, 21-22. [French]